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Through the Artist’s Eye: Abkhazia in the 19th Century

14 April, 2024

This article delves into how 19th-century Russian artists depicted Abkhazia during their travels to the Caucasus. We explore a collection of these historical artworks, showcasing sites like the Gagra fortress...

Deniz Yağan, Pınarbaşı's mayoral victor, amidst a whirlwind of electoral contention.

Kayseri's Pınarbaşı District Election Cancelled After Opposition Objection

03 April, 2024

KAYSERİ — In the district of Pınarbaşı, located in the city of Kayseri, Türkiye, known for its dense Circassian and Abaza population, the mayoral election was annulled following objections from...

Sport as a National Propaganda Tool: The Case of Georgia

01 April, 2024

Following their victory in the final qualifying match of Euro 2024, the Georgian national football team chanted, "Abkhazia is Georgia." This act is nothing but a feeble attempt to unify...

Abasgi, Absilee, Abasci | Caucasus, 1697, by Guillaume Sanson (1633-1703)

Responses to Some Fanciful Ideas of a “Historian” from Paris, Badri Gogia, by Denis Gopia

26 March, 2024

Аамҭақәа/Times. Historical-Cultural Almanac. Sukhum, No. 1-2. 2024. pp. 335-341. The article in PDF can be downloaded by clicking here (210 Kb.) On 13 September 2020, an article titled “Notes on the Appropriation of...

Sukhum (Aqw'a in Abkhaz) is the capital city of Abkhazia

Toponymy of the Sukhum-Akua Region According to Medieval Narrative and Cartographic Sources, by Denis Gopia

23 March, 2024

Топонимика региона Сухум-Акуа по средневековым нарративным и картографическим источникам (Toponymy of the Sukhum-Akua Region According to Medieval Narrative and Cartographic Sources)Author: Denis K. GopiaYear: 2024Place of Publication: Sukhum / Aqw'a...

Russia and Abkhazia Flags

The Abkhazian-Russian Cold War, by Tengiz Ablotia

21 March, 2024

Nation.ge ― Something unimaginable is happening in Abkhazia. Incredible, and at first glance, impossible. Generally, in Georgia, the perceptions about Abkhazia are mostly superficial and incorrect. This is partly related to...



The Ibero-Caucasian hypothesis and the historiography of Abkhazia, by Kevin Tuite

04 June, 2022

The Rise and Fall and Revival of the Ibero-Caucasian HypothesisHistoriographia Linguistica Vol. 35:1/2 (2008), pp. 23–82 Kevin Tuite Professor of Anthropology at the Université de Montréal 8. The Ibero-Caucasian hypothesis and the historiography of Abkhazia (pp.53-65)8.1 P’avle Ingoroq’va, Giorgi Merčule, and the...


Andrei Sakharov on the relationship between Abkhazia and Georgia

24 February, 2022

In 1989 at the start of the Georgian-Abkhazian conflict the late Academician Andrei Sakharov in one of his last articles called Georgia a ‘mini-empire’ (Ogonёk 1989, 31). Later, describing the relationship between Abkhazia and Georgia, he wrote: "I tend to justify...


Nationalism, politics, and the practice of archaeology in the Caucasus

Nationalism, politics, and the practice of archaeology in the Caucasus, by Philip Kohl and Gocha Tsetskhladze

26 April, 2020

Nationalism, politics, and the practice of archaeology, edited by Philip L. Kohl and Clare Fawcett Cambridge University Press 1995 Nationalism, politics, and the practice of archaeology in the Caucasus (Part III Eastern Europe and Eurasia) pp. 149-174 By Philip L. Kohl and Gocha R...


Old Parliament Building, Sukhum

Abkhazia: a problem of identity and ownership, by George B. Hewitt - Central Asian Survey

21 October, 2008

Abkhazia: a problem of identity and ownership  History and Documents Central Asian Survey, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 267–323, 1993 by George B. Hewitt The Abkhazians living in Turkey have preserved very well the customs, language and dances  carried  there  from  Abkhazia  by  their ...


Lapinski: Abkhaz people are the last in the Caucasus who still put up resistance to the Muscovites

23 May, 2020

In June 1861, on the initiative of the Ubykhs, a 'mejlis' (parliament) was constituted not far from Sochi; it was known as 'The Great and Free Assembly'. The Ubykhs, the Circassian Shapsughs and Abadzekhs/Abzakhs, and the Abkhazian tribes of Ahchypsy...

Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus.

How nations united: Formation of the Confederation of Caucasian Peoples

28 February, 2020

Everyone who is somehow familiar with the history of the Patriotic War of the people of Abkhazia could not help but hear about the Assembly of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus, which was soon renamed the Confederation. This is no...

Abkhazia Resettlement Construction 1941

Resettlement to Abkhazia

14 February, 2020

After most of Abkhazia’s indigenous Abkhazians were expelled to Ottoman lands firstly at the end of the Russian-Caucasian War (1864) and then following the Russo-Turkish War (1877-78), their vacated lands immediately started to attract colonisation from such diverse incomers as:...

Abkhazians who took part in the 1866 Lykhny uprising. Photo by D. I. Yermakov (1867)

Thirty years of "guilt" (1877-1907), by Stanislav Lakoba

14 March, 2013

Reflections on Abkhazia: [14 August] 1992-2012 Immediately after the Caucasian War (21 May 1864), in June 1864 the independent princedom of Abkhazia was abolished, and the sovereign prince Mikhail Shervashidze (Chachba) was subjected to political repression; in 1866, he died in...

Editors' Picks

Myrzakan (Samurzakan) Abkhazians (1880-90).

On the Political and Ethnic History of Myrzakan (Samurzakano) in the 19th Century, By Denis Gopia

19 January, 2024

Academy of Sciences of Abkhazia Abkhaz Institute of Humanitarian Research Named after D.I. Gulia, AbIGI 2022 Аҧсуаҭҵаара / Abkhaz Studies. No.12. Sukhum. 2022. pp. 99-111  The article is also available in PDF format in both Russian (original) and English.

Russian President Boris Yeltsin welcomes Georgian Governing Council leader Eduard Shevardnadze in Dagomys, Sochi. (June 24, 1992).

The Hand of Moscow and the Sterility of Geneva, by Izida Chania

03 October, 2023

On September 30th, Abkhazia marked its Victory Day in the Georgian-Abkhazian war. In 1993, Abkhazia's Armed Forces successfully repelled Georgian troops, asserting control over the country's territory up to the Abkhazian-Georgian border along the Ingur River. Reactions to this day...

General Giorgi Mazniev (Mazniashvili) with his son Ivan.

Georgian policy towards Abkhazia in the period 1918-1921, by Vadim Mukhanov

19 August, 2022

This article has been written in Russian and is translated into English. Vadim M. MukhanovHead of Caucasus Department of The Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO). Russia. In 1917, i.e. in the first revolutionary...

A Georgian armored vehicle drives down a road. July, 1993. Sukhum, Abkhazia

Abkhazia is Abkhazia, by Stanislav Lakoba

15 October, 2008

Stanislav Lakoba Minister of Security in Abkhazia, former speaker of Abkhazian ParliamentA Report At A London Conference On North Caucasus and Abkhazia 23th April, 1993Central Asian Survey, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 97–105, 1995 I had a different beginning for my report...



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